以break开头的短语

发稿日期:03-13 作者:高考编辑 来源:隔壁老师 分享:

请先看下面三道高考试题:

1. The computer system _____suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.

A. broke down B. broke out C. broke up D. broke in

解析:A由语境逻辑可以推出该空表示"坏了",因此应填broke down. 

2. To understand the grammar of the sentence,you must break it _____ into parts.

A. down B. up C. off D. out

解析:A break…… down在此意为"将……分解",符合语境逻辑。

3. I was still sleeping when the fire _____ ,and then it spread quickly.

A. broke out B. put out C. came out D. got out

解析:A由the fire与spread之间的语境逻辑可以推出该空表示"发生",因此应填broke out.以上三题都是考查break短语的用法,本文在此对其做一归纳。

1. break down

破坏, 毁掉;Who broke down the doors of our classroom? 谁把我们教室的门打坏了?

破除;The old rules must be broken down. 这些陈旧的规章制度必须废除。

制服;The police tried to break down the prisoners' opposition.警方设法制服囚犯的反抗。

坍塌, 坏掉;Because of explosion the bridge broke down last night. 由于爆炸, 昨夜这座桥倒塌了。

失败, 破裂;Your plan has broken down. What a pity! 你的计划失败了, 真遗憾!

Why did the peace talks break down?为什么和谈失败了?

崩溃;After a long time of hard work, he almost broke down. 长时间艰苦劳动之后, 他的身体几乎垮了。

 分解This matter will break down in water. 这种物质在水中会分解。

2. break up

解散,驱散。如:The police broke up the crowd 。 警察驱散了人群。

放假。如:When do you break up for Christmas? 你们什么时候放圣诞节假?

结束,破裂。如:The weather shows signs of breaking up. 好天气看样要过去了。

Their marriage is breaking up. 他们的婚姻濒临破裂。

击碎,撞碎。如:The ship broke up on the rocks. 船触礁撞毁了。

Let's break up the whole into parts. 让我们化整为零。

绝交。如:She's just broken up with her boy-friend. 她刚与男朋友绝交。

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